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Message de bubble2a posté le 23-10-2014 à 11:31:47 (S | E | F)
Bonjour à tous !
Je passe bientôt le TOEIC et j'aurais besoin d'aide par rapport à une concordance des temps que je n'arrive pas à comprendre.
Exemple de deux phrases:
-He has worked here since June.
-He has been arguing since lunchtime.
Pourquoi ne met-on pas les deux phrases avec -ing ? Quelle est la différence entre les deux et comment la reconnaître ? Car instinctivement j'aurais mis "he has been working here since June", car il y travaille encore. Du coup, je fais pas mal de fautes en mettant le -ing là où il n'y a que present perfect.
Est-ce dû à une différence entre l'anglais britannique et l'anglais américain ?
Merci d'avance !
Modifié par lucile83 le 23-10-2014 13:18
Réponse: Since/aide de carlabice47, postée le 23-10-2014 à 17:18:21 (S | E)
Traditionally, the present perfect continuous reinforces the idea of continuity of an action. I would have said " he has been working ,,," if he was still working ( which you told me is true), but if the writer says "He has worked here since... " there are two possibilities:
1 he's thinking of leaving;
2) he has worked off and on (probably he has two jobs).
Nevertheless I wouldn't attach too much importance to the difference, sometimes it only depends on the speaker's point of view. As a teacher, I wouldn't have marked this as a mistake.
I have no other answer.
Réponse: Since/aide de violet91, postée le 23-10-2014 à 19:27:15 (S | E)
The difference is in the continuity.
1 ) He has worked here since ...means it is no more the case from now on for a reason or the other . He has changed his job , been fired or has retired.
a ) My parents have lived in Paris since their marriage , but they are now organizing their removal down to the French Riviera !
b ) My parents have been living in Paris since their marriage and would certainly never think of living elsewhere.
2 ) With the -ing form , the process is still on ...the argument might still last for long, why not when one of the two polemicists has no more words to oppose or worse , no more voice !
I think it is important for you to know especially for the level of your examination. Good luck !
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