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    Oral /Notion of progress

    Cours gratuits > Forum > Forum anglais: Questions sur l'anglais || En bas

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    Oral /Notion of progress
    Message de flooz95 posté le 28-05-2015 à 15:38:58 (S | E | F)
    Bonjour !
    J'ai déjà fait un post pour la notion de myths and heroes, maintenant c'est ma présentation orale sur notion of progress qui y passe !
    Comme dans mon précédent post, je cherche un ou plusieurs avis sur mon travail :

    We are going to deal with the notion of Progress. To begin with, I'd like to give a definition of the notion. Progress is a steady evolution toward a better state. It can be applied to science, technology, rights or quality of life. Progress implies changes in the way of life, tradition and vision of world.
    In relation to the notion, I will talk of scientific progresses and more particularly, genetic manipulation. So, what are the advantages and the inconveniences of scientific progress ? For example do we really consider genetic manipulation as a progress ?
    The scientific progress aims at improving life condition and keeping alive sufferers. Scientists understood medical treatment is slowing down the progression of disease and maybe cure it. However scientists dream of eradicating all illness possibility as soon as the embryo pops up.

    “A savior sibling” or “designer baby” is a child who was born to save a family member suffering a fatal disease. The child is conceived through in-vitro fertilization and pre-implantation genetic diagnosis. The child is fated to provide an organ or cell transplant in order to cure any disease.
    We saw in class a newspaper article drawn from the Telegraph and published the 7th May 2011. This acticle talks about Wharlie Whitaker and his brother Jamie. Charlie suffered a debilitating and extremely rare genetic condition and he has been saved by his brother Jamie. When he was born, some of Jamie's stem cells from umbilical cord were transplanted to his brother. This article shows the advantage of the scientific progress, in fact the medical benefits allow to save lives but designer babies are argued. Some people object to the designer babies for moral reasons :

    - on one hand they are afraid that the children would become a commercial item because we could chose physical caracteristics in order create a human being model of perfection thanks to genetic manipulation. Of course the scientists' main goal is to cure diseases, but we know human beings are able to do terrible things like the atomic bomb or Nazism.
    - on the other hand they are afraid there may be psychological effects on the savior sibling. In facts, it may be difficult for the child to know that he has been conceived just to save his ill sibling and that, if his brother wasn’t sick, he wouldn’t be alive. Some people are also scared that children can be exploited.

    This is the idea Jodi Picoult decided to present in his novel untitled "My sister's keeper". In this novel, Anna is a designer baby who sues her parents for medical emancipation. Since the day she was born, she suffered some medical procedures in order to cure her sister who is affected by cancer. Both young girls are tired from operations. The writer mentions the idea that it’s not right to keep alive a person who is badly sick.
    We must be realistic, children are maybe young but they know that they will once die and they don’t want to spend their entire life stucked in a hospital. Indeed, they just want to live as a normal person.

    As a personnal document, I have chosen the film Gattaca, produced by Andrew Niccol. In this film, genetic modifications are something done everyday but companies usually chose workers depending upon their DNA results which is totally forbidden. One of the main protagonists who has a perfect genetic inheritance sees his life destroyed by an accident while the second main character (who is normal) dreams of being a spaceman. They will help each other in order to reach their final goal.

    We can consider genetically modified organisms as progress. Thanks to medical improvement, we can save life, improve life conditions and maybe, in a close future, eradicate any form of disease. I think the medical progress is very very important because there are a lot of rare disease. Obviously we must be very careful and set limits and rules.


    Je cherche avant tout un avis là-dessus. Est-ce que ça passe bien ? Quelle note ça pourrait mériter ? A savoir que je suis en Terminale L.
    Merci d'avance, bonne journée !

    -------------------
    Modifié par lucile83 le 28-05-2015 19:02


    Réponse: Oral /Notion of progress de gerondif, postée le 28-05-2015 à 17:07:52 (S | E)
    Bonjour,
    puisque vous êtes en Terminale L, vous devez alors savoir manier thèse, antithèse, synthèse, les mots de liaison, les argumentaires, il n'y a pas de raison pour laquelle L devrait rimer avec crêpe! (J'étais aussi en terminale littéraire !)

    erreurs en bleu, corrections en vert.

    We are going to deal with the notion of Progress. To begin with, I'd like to give a definition of the notion. Progress is a steady evolution toward a better state. It can be applied to science, technology, rights or quality of life. Progress implies changes in the way of life, tradition and vision of world.
    In relation to the notion, I will talk of scientific progresses(singulier ira bien) and more particularly, genetic manipulation. So, what are the advantages and the inconveniences of scientific progress ? For example do we (can we irait bien) really consider genetic manipulation as a progress ?
    The scientific progress aims at improving life conditions and keeping alive sufferers.(à inverser) Scientists understood medical treatment is slowing down the progression of disease and maybe cure it(mal relié à ce qui vient avant au lieu de le soigner? ). However scientists dream of eradicating all illness possibility as soon as the embryo pops up.

    “A savior sibling” or “designer baby” is a child who was born to save a family member suffering from a fatal disease. The child is conceived through in-vitro fertilization and pre-implantation genetic diagnosis. The child is fated to provide an organ or cell transplant in order to cure any disease.
    We saw in class a newspaper article (drawn) from the Telegraph and published on the 7th of May 2011. This article talks(un article ne "cause" pas, il n'a pas de cordes vocales. le verbe être va suffire) about Wharlie Whitaker and his brother Jamie. Charlie suffered from a debilitating and extremely rare genetic condition and he has been(un prétérit irait mieux)saved by his brother Jamie. When he was born, some of Jamie's stem cells from his umbilical cord were transplanted to his brother. This article shows the advantage of the scientific progress, in fact the medical benefits allow to save lives but designer babies are argued(drôle de construction). Some people object to the designer babies for moral reasons :

    - on the one hand, they are afraid that the children would become a commercial item because wepourquoi vous mettez-vous au nombre des sujets avec ce "we"?) could chose physical characteristics in order to create a human being model of perfection thanks to genetic manipulation. Of course the scientists' main goal is to cure diseases, but we know human beings are able to do terrible things like the atomic bomb or Nazism.
    - on the other hand they are afraid there may be psychological effects on the savior sibling. In facts, it may be difficult for the child to know that he has been conceived just to save his ill sibling and that, if his brother wasn’t(il faudrait un plus que parfait, s'il n'avait pas été malade) sick, he wouldn’t be alive. Some people are also scared that children can(le conditionnel de can ou de may irait mieux) be exploited.

    This is the idea Jodi Picoult decided to present in his(jodi est une femme!) novel untitled "My sister's keeper". In this novel, Anna is a designer baby who sues her parents for medical emancipation. Since the day she was born, she suffered(avec since, il faut un present perfect) some medical procedures in order to cure(to cure signifie guérir, or elle n'est pas Dieu, to take care of signifie s'occuper de) her sister who is affected by cancer. Both young girls are tired from(cf fed up with) operations. The writer mentions the idea that it’s not right to keep a person who is badly sick alive.

    We must be realistic, children are maybe(ne va pas, l'anglais dit may be ou might be en utilsant l'auxiliaire may pour donner l'idée d'eventualité) young but they know that they will once(une seule fois? pas deux fois ? vous confondez une fois et un jour) die and they don’t want to spend their entire life(pluriel) stucked(to stick, I stuck stuck, pas la peine de rajouter un ed!!) in a hospital. Indeed, they just want to live as a normal person.

    As a personal document, I have chosen the film Gattaca, produced by Andrew Niccol. In this film, genetic modifications are something done everyday but companies usually chose workers depending upon their DNA results,(virgule, pause obligatoire,which signifiant ce qui) which is totally forbidden. One of the main protagonists who has a perfect genetic inheritance sees his life destroyed by an accident while the second main character (who is normal) dreams of being a spaceman. They will help each other in order to reach their final goal.

    We can consider genetically modified organisms as progress. Thanks to medical improvement, we can save life(pluriel), improve life conditions and maybe, in a close future, eradicate any form of disease. I think the medical progress is very very important because there are a lot of rare diseases(autant mettre un pluriel derrière "a lot of" beaucoup de). Obviously we must be very careful and set limits and rules.




    Réponse: Oral /Notion of progress de flooz95, postée le 28-05-2015 à 18:15:30 (S | E)
    Merci de votre réponse très rapide ! J'ai eu moins d'inspiration pour cet oral que pour le précédent, je pense que ça se voit ^^




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