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Message de ineedhelp posté le 28-06-2015 à 11:35:28 (S | E | F)
J'ai mon bac oral mardi donc j'aimerais savoir si quelqu'un pouvait me corriger s'il vous plait...
Merci d'avance !!!
The notion I'm going to deal with is The Idea of Progress. This notion consists in believing that the world can become better in terms of science, technology, liberty and quality of life. Progress implies change and an evolution from old tradition to a new order. I would like to illustrate this notion using the theme of the women place in the today Indian's society.
That's why, I've chosen these 4 documents : The dowry tradition (p.151), a document called India's girls go missing, then Another girl, an extract from Secret Daughter by Shilpi SOMAYA GOWDA and to finish a film extract, Bend It like Beckham directed by Gurinder Chadha.
What place is given to women in today's Indian society ? In the first time I will talk about the weight of the tradition which affects women and in the second part, the difficult quest of woman's emancipation.
I- Poids de la tradition chez femme
First at all, I will talk about the weight of the tradition on women. The document untitled « The dowry tradition » (p.151) shows us a very old tradition afflicting women. Indeed, this tradition consists to the woman to give a dowry – a gift – to the future husband's family on marriage to compensate for the cost of educating a son. The dowry is very expansive and if the woman's family doesn't keep its promises, the bride may be subject to torture or even killed. Sometimes, the young women commit suicide because they can't bear the harassment of in-laws. If they don't commit suicide, they can be killed by setting her on fire, « bride-burning », and It is disguised as an accident. Of course, the Indian government doesn't approve of this practice but It was deeply rooted in Indian society.
Thus, girl child numbers in India have shown a sharper decline than the male children as shows the India’s 2011 census. Indeed, in 2011, India counted only 940 girls aged six under for every 1,000 boys. Even more frightening, this census adds that 600,000 girls go missing every year, what will become, in 18 years time, over 10 million missing future brides. It means that in three generations, more than 50 million women have been selectively eliminated from India's population through infanticides, murders, dowry-related murders...
II- Emancipation difficile
However, women are looking to emancipate even if this conquest is difficult.
Indeed, by example, the document Another girl which is an extract from Secret Daughter written by Shilpi SOMAYA GOWDA in 2010 gives an example of a woman who wants to emancipate : Kavita, an Indian woman, has given birth to a newborn baby in an abandoned hut. She feels so sad, « her body shudders with silent tears » whereas her husband, Jesu, who comes a little after seems to be happy. This contrast between the two characters is emphasized with the night associates to Kavita and the day to Jasu. He'd like to take the baby in his arms when Kavita tells him that's a baby girl; but Jesu doesn't want to keep the baby because they need boy to help us in the field, they would never be able to pay the dowry for a daughter and they have already a child. However, she refuses to give her baby girl “this time” - we understand that she already let one baby girl to him - speaking to him defiantly. By the next she obeys to him but asks him to give the baby girl just one night. We doesn't know if Jasu accepts but thanks to the title Secret Daughter we can suppose she successes to keep secretly her baby girl. This example shows us some women are looking to emancipate and want to be independent from the increasingly male-dominated society and tradition.
This quest for emancipation extends although beyond India, as in Britain. Indeed, this modern place gathers an important Indian's community where traditions still exist. By example, the film Bend It like Bekcham directed by Gurinder Chadha shows a teen-aged Londoner, Jesminder Bhamra, gifted at football whereas her parents are traditional Punjabi. Thus, they want she goes to law school and learn how to cook Punjabi food to can attract a nice Punjabi husband. There are many ups and downs but at then end, Jess manages to follow her dreams.
To sum up, women have very miserable status of the women in a traditional India. However, despite some traditions deeply-rooted in Indian minds, women are on the way of the modernization and we can hope that one day, they could totally emancipate themselves from their husband and the society oppression.
Modifié par lucile83 le 28-06-2015 12:12
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