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    Oral/Idée de Progrès

    Cours gratuits > Forum > Forum anglais: Questions sur l'anglais || En bas

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    Oral/Idée de Progrès
    Message de enora6539 posté le 25-06-2016 à 13:16:55 (S | E | F)
    Bonjour à tous !
    J'aurais besoin de votre aide pour la correction de mon dossier d'anglais (LVA), xxx car faire de grosses fautes peut donner mauvaise impression à mon examinateur...
    Voici mon introduction et mes deux premiers paragraphes, je posterai la suite un peu plus tard. Merci beaucoup !

    THE IDEA OF PROGRESS
    Progress is the basement of every civilization. Men have always looked for a way to increase their standard of living. Indeed, it’s a synonym of evolution, we can compare it to a train going even further to deliver its merchandises to everybody. Progress doesn’t lie in only one form but in many ones, for example scientific, cultural, or technological. We’re going to concentrate on technological progress and more specifically on robotics.
    In the future will robots be our allies or can tragic science-fiction theories become reality?
    First of all we’ll talk about the beneficial aspects of robots through the video Visions of the future released by the BBC in 2007, then we’ll explain that machines are now extremely developed and start to defeat humans with the article “Man VS Machine” published in The Huffington Post in 2011. We’ll end approaching the touchy issue of robots ruling the world with the poster and the transcript of Humans which premiere was in 2015

    The future has always inspired people. They used to imagine how it would look like through futurist visions. They thought flying cars, jetpacks or robots would become parts of people’s viewing habits. However the sci-fi movie The Fifth Element by Besson won’t happen anytime soon, we’re not able to defy the laws of physics yet and we just start to understand the operation of artificial intelligence and how to create it. Nowadays robots are real, but they’re above all machines which purpose is helping us by making our lives easier, they have replaced us in many sectors for example in factories where they realize difficult and dangerous tasks. In 2007 the BBC diffused a report dealing with what’s called the “Intelligence revolution”. Michio Kaku, a Japanese-American theoretical physicist explains we are now in the Age of scientific mastery, meaning we’re able to create and manipulate intelligence. He introduces to us the Japanese robot Asimo (conceived by Honda) whose revolutionary particularity is its ability to walk. Indeed it took 20 years to the engineers to make this robot walk because it’s an extremely complex task. Asimo can interact with humans, just as Sony Aibo, a pet robot. Children love it because it has a complex behavior very similar to real animals. It can imitate emotions such as pain, distress or joy. It develops our tendency to anthropomorphism, meaning we can become emotionally attached to them as if they were our friends or confidants even if we know they’re not real beings and their emotions are fake. Obviously machines are genius inventions and assistants for us, they can clean, help during sensitives surgeries or even take care of children in schools or hospitals, or they can just distract us.

    But what if machines overcome humans in terms of intelligence? This question has become one of the biggest fear of humanity. Even since the XXth century scientists and people have been afraid of the huge potential of robots. And because these ones are becoming more and more sophisticated thanks to state-of-the-art technologies we’re frightened the student surpasses the master. One of the best examples is IBM’s supercomputer called Watson. An article was published about it in the American news website The Huffington Post. It’s entitled “Man VS Machine” and was published in 2011. The journalist first explains machines have been used to replace humans doing dangerous tasks instead of them or to calculate without making a mistake. However they’re now capable of rough thoughts. For instance many of us have heard about computers outperforming chess champions. More recently Watson has won the game “Jeopardy!”. It’s impressive due to the fact that this TV quiz show requires general culture, it also relies on subtle meanings, puns and riddles. Before Watson no machine could answer these kinds of questions. Nonetheless in this article engineers assure that robots can’t outsmart us, their intelligence is based on their ability to resolve algorithms or to obey to informatics programs, their lack of free will is proved by the sentence “While computers can calculate and construct they cannot decide to create” (l 21-22). Furthermore David Ferruci, IBM’s researcher says that he sees “human intelligence consuming machine intelligence, not the other way around” (l 75-77). Without humans, robots can’t do anything and they won’t be superior.

    -------------------
    Modifié par lucile83 le 25-06-2016 14:13


    Réponse : Oral/Idée de Progrès de here4u, postée le 27-06-2016 à 16:50:12 (S | E)
    Hello !
    Trop long ... je commence mais ne pourrai pas terminer ...(Il ne sert à RIEN de rédiger des synthèses in extenso ...)

    THE IDEA OF PROGRESS
    Progress is the basement of every civilization. Men have always looked for a way to increase their standard of living. Indeed, it’s a synonym of evolution, we can compare it to a train going even further to deliver its merchandises to everybody. Progress doesn’t lie in only one form but in many ones, for example scientific, cultural, or technological(ilfaut au moins mettre le nom une fois ...). We’re going to concentrate on technological progress and more specifically on robotics.
    In the future will robots be our allies or can tragic science-fiction theories become reality?
    First of all we’ll talk about the beneficial aspects of robots through the video Visions of the future released by the BBC in 2007, then we’ll explain that machines are now extremely developed and start to defeat humans with the article “Man VS Machine” published in The Huffington Post in 2011. We’ll end approaching the touchy issue of robots ruling the world with the poster and the transcript of Humans which premiere was in 2015

    The future has always inspired people. They used to imagine how it would look like through futurist visions. They thought flying cars, jetpacks or robots would become parts of people’s viewing habits. However the sci-fi movie The Fifth Element by Besson won’t happen anytime soon, we’re not able to defy the laws of physics yet and we just start to understand the operation of artificial intelligence and how to create it. Nowadays robots are real, but they’re above all machines which purpose is helping us by making our lives easier, they have replaced us in many sectors for example in factories where they realize difficult and dangerous tasks. In 2007 the BBC diffused a report dealing with what’s called the “Intelligence revolution”. Michio Kaku, a Japanese-American theoretical physicist explains we are now in the Age of scientific mastery, meaning we’re able to create and manipulate intelligence. He introduces to us the Japanese robot Asimo (conceived by Honda) whose revolutionary particularity is its ability to walk. Indeed it took 20 years to the engineers to make this robot walk because it’s an extremely complex task. Asimo can interact with humans, just as Sony Aibo, a pet robot. Children love it because it has a complex behavior very similar to real animals. It can imitate emotions such as pain, distress or joy. It develops our tendency to anthropomorphism, meaning we can become emotionally attached to them as if they were our friends or confidants even if we know they’re not real beings and their emotions are fake. Obviously machines are genius inventions and assistants for us, they can clean, help during sensitives surgeries or even take care of children in schools or hospitals, or they can just distract us.



    Réponse : Oral/Idée de Progrès de lemagemasque, postée le 27-06-2016 à 20:03:19 (S | E)
    Hello!
    Lien internet

    Il y a juste un problème dans ce test avec les virgules :
    - il n'y a pas de virgule quand la proposition est essentielle à l'antécédent : The book whose cover is blue is on the shelf/The book the cover of which is blue is on the shelf (moins courant)
    - il y a des virgules avant et après la proposition quand elle n'est pas essentielle : Paul, dont le chien a disparu, est triste. --> Paul, whose dog has disappeared, is sad/Paul, the dog of whom has disappeared, is sad (nettement moins courant).
    Bonne journée !




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